Why do they decide to represent their own culture(s) in the ways they do?
What do ESL writers think about the concept of culture?
Do students in ESL writing classes think cultural topics are appropriate content for their texts? Which ones? If not, what do they want?
How do the students’ conceptions of culture evidenced in their writing and through interviews, work with or against (or partly both) the conceptions of culture presented by the teacher, other students, and the textbook?
How does culture "work" as content in an ESL writing course?